By: Tammy Stevenson, DVM, DACVIM (Neurology).
Many people have personally experienced or know someone who has “put their back out”. There is a sudden onset of pain and a feeling that you can’t or shouldn’t move. What most people do not realize is that our pets commonly experience this problem too.
Intervertebral disc herniation, also known as a slipped disc, is one of the most common neurological problems in dogs. Dogs with short legs and long bodies, such as Dachshunds, French Bulldogs, Shih Tzus and Pekingese, as well as many toy breed dogs, have a genetic predisposition for early disc degeneration, although any breed can be affected. The degenerate disc no longer provides the normal cushion between the vertebras and may slip out of place even with normal daily activity. Once it slips out of place, the herniated disc material may press on the spinal cord and cause pain, a hunched posture or difficulty walking. If a nerve root is pinched, the pet may cry out and hold a limb off the ground or appear lame. In severe cases, the disc “blasts” out, hitting the spinal cord causing internal damage and leaves very little space for the spinal cord. The dog may become paralyzed – unable to get normal signals from the brain, past the disc compression, to tell the limbs to move.
Dogs that are exhibiting pain and reluctance to walk may only need rest and pain medications. A veterinarian, or veterinary neurologist, even in the middle of the night, should evaluate any animal that is unable to walk on an emergency basis. Special testing such as a CT scan, MRI or myelogram (contrast x-ray study of the spine) is needed to identify the problem disc and determine the site for surgery. The majority of patients will have a 90% or better chance of walking again with surgery. The most severely affected dogs, those that can’t feel their toes, will have a 50-70% chance of walking again if surgery is done within 24 hours.
It can be shocking to see a pet suddenly paralyzed, but don’t despair, it is most often fixable with timely surgical intervention.
Dr. Tammy Stevenson is a board-certified veterinary neurologist at Veterinary Specialty Hospital www.vshsd.com, with locations in San Diego and San Marcos.[igallery id=8057 cid=137 pid=1 type=category children=0 addlinks=0 tags= limit=0]